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The first one to dare do such a thing was the least fortunate one, the satyr Marsyas. As punishment, Marsyas was hanged inside a cave and was subsequently flayed alive.
Fortunately for him, Pan survived unscathed after challenging Apollo and almost unanimously losing the contest. After losing his contest against Apollo , he was either killed by the god or committed suicide.
Apollo was loved by both gods and humans, women and men; and, more often than not, he loved them back as well. On two occasions, a mortal got the better of the god.
A white crow informed Apollo of this affair which enraged Apollo so much that he ordered Artemis to kill Coronis and burned the feathers of the crow.
Crows are black ever since. After a while, Apollo fell in love with Marpessa. Her lover Idas had already went through hell to get her, even risking his own life while abducting her.
Zeus stopped this fight and gave Marpessa the chance to choose. She is the goddess of hunting and animals and therefore is often depicted with a bow and arrow.
She was also one of the three virgin goddesses. A hunter named Iron became best friends with Artemis, and they would often hunt together. Apollo was worried she would not uphold her promise to remain pure and tricked Artemis into killing Orion.
Apollo is also alternatively referred to as the God of Truth and the God of Light. History shows that cults in Asia were the first to worship Apollo and it is speculated that his first role was actually as the protector of shepherds.
After being conquered by the Romans, most of the Greek gods were adopted by the Romans. Their names were often changed but their myths and symbolism stayed the same.
Apollo had the same name in Roman mythology but his parents were Jupiter and Latona and his twin sister was Diana.
There are many myths surrounding Apollo, all of them with great elements of adventure. The Roman versions are nearly identical except for names and locations.
The core messages are the same. One of the more popular myths surrounding Apollo is the story of his birth. She seduced Zeus and became pregnant with twins.
Hera even kept her own daughter, Eileithyia, from helping Leto give birth, as she was the goddess of childbirth. Zeus felt terrible for the pain and suffering Leto was going through and turned her into a quail so that she could find refuge.
Leto searched all over Greece until she found a small island known as Delos. Hera was unable to stop Leto from settling on the island as it was being blown by the wind and moved by the waves.
Leto suffered for nine days and nine nights with terrible labor pains. On the tenth day, she went to a small lake and leaned up against a palm tree.
She loosened her belt and gave birth alone to Artemis who would become the Greek goddess of the hunt. But Artemis immediately took on a new role and assisted her mother in the birth of her brother Apollo.
Because of this, she replaced Eileithyia and also became known as the goddess of childbirth. This led some scholars to the conclusion that Pythia carried on the rituals in a consistent procedure through many centuries, according to the local tradition.
In that regard, the mythical seeress Sibyl of Anatolian origin, with her ecstatic art, looks unrelated to the oracle itself. It is more probable that this art was introduced later from Anatolia and regenerated an existing oracular cult that was local to Delphi and dormant in several areas of Greece.
A non-Greek origin of Apollo has long been assumed in scholarship. The inspiration oracular cult was probably introduced into Greece from Anatolia , which is the origin of Sibyl , and where existed some of the oldest oracular shrines.
Omens, symbols, purifications, and exorcisms appear in old Assyro - Babylonian texts, and these rituals were spread into the empire of the Hittites.
In a Hittite text is mentioned that the king invited a Babylonian priestess for a certain "purification". A similar story is mentioned by Plutarch.
He writes that the Cretan seer Epimenides purified Athens after the pollution brought by the Alcmeonidae and that the seer's expertise in sacrifices and reform of funeral practices were of great help to Solon in his reform of the Athenian state.
It seems that these rituals were dormant in Greece and they were reinforced when the Greeks migrated to Anatolia.
Homer pictures Apollo on the side of the Trojans , fighting against the Achaeans , during the Trojan War. He is pictured as a terrible god, less trusted by the Greeks than other gods.
The god seems to be related to Appaliunas , a tutelary god of Wilusa Troy in Asia Minor, but the word is not complete. Here we have an apotropaic situation, where a god originally bringing the plague was invoked to end it.
Aplu, meaning the son of , was a title given to the god Nergal , who was linked to the Babylonian god of the sun Shamash.
Unusually among the Olympic deities, Apollo had two cult sites that had widespread influence: Delos and Delphi.
In cult practice, Delian Apollo and Pythian Apollo the Apollo of Delphi were so distinct that they might both have shrines in the same locality.
Apollo became extremely important to the Greek world as an oracular deity in the archaic period , and the frequency of theophoric names such as Apollodorus or Apollonios and cities named Apollonia testify to his popularity.
Oracular sanctuaries to Apollo were established in other sites. In the 2nd and 3rd century CE, those at Didyma and Claros pronounced the so-called "theological oracles", in which Apollo confirms that all deities are aspects or servants of an all-encompassing, highest deity.
Julian the Apostate — tried to revive the Delphic oracle, but failed. Apollo had a famous oracle in Delphi, and other notable ones in Claros and Didyma.
Many temples were dedicated to Apollo in Greece and the Greek colonies. They show the spread of the cult of Apollo and the evolution of the Greek architecture, which was mostly based on the rightness of form and on mathematical relations.
Some of the earliest temples, especially in Crete , do not belong to any Greek order. It seems that the first peripteral temples were rectangular wooden structures.
The different wooden elements were considered divine , and their forms were preserved in the marble or stone elements of the temples of Doric order.
The Greeks used standard types because they believed that the world of objects was a series of typical forms which could be represented in several instances.
The temples should be canonic , and the architects were trying to achieve this esthetic perfection. The first buildings were built narrowly in order to hold the roof, and when the dimensions changed some mathematical relations became necessary in order to keep the original forms.
This probably influenced the theory of numbers of Pythagoras , who believed that behind the appearance of things there was the permanent principle of mathematics.
The Doric order dominated during the 6th and the 5th century BC but there was a mathematical problem regarding the position of the triglyphs, which couldn't be solved without changing the original forms.
The order was almost abandoned for the Ionic order , but the Ionic capital also posed an insoluble problem at the corner of a temple. Both orders were abandoned for the Corinthian order gradually during the Hellenistic age and under Rome.
Apollo appears often in the myths, plays and hymns. As Zeus' favorite son, Apollo had direct access to the mind of Zeus and was willing to reveal this knowledge to humans.
A divinity beyond human comprehension, he appears both as a beneficial and a wrathful god. Apollo was the son of Zeus, the king of the gods, and Leto, his previous wife  or one of his mistresses.
Growing up, Apollo was nursed by the nymphs Korythalia and Aletheia , the personification of truth. When Zeus' wife Hera discovered that Leto was pregnant, she banned Leto from giving birth on terra firma.
Leto sought shelter in many lands, only to be rejected by them. Finally, the voice of unborn Apollo informed his mother about a floating island named Delos which had once been Asteria , Leto's own sister.
All the goddesses except Hera were present to witness the event. It is also stated that Hera kidnapped Eileithyia , the goddess of childbirth, to prevent Leto from going into labor.
The other gods tricked Hera into letting her go by offering her a necklace of amber 9 yards or 8. When Apollo was born, clutching a golden sword,  everything on Delos turned into gold  and the island was filled with ambrosial fragrance.
Since Leto was unable to feed the him, Themis , the goddess of divine law, fed him with nectar, or ambrosia. Upon tasting the divine food, Apollo broke free of the bands fastened onto him and declared that he would be the master of lyre and archery, and interpret the will of Zeus to humankind.
Apollo's birth fixed the floating Delos to the earth. According to some, Apollo secured Delos to the bottom of the ocean after some time.
The seventh and twentieth, the days of the new and full moon, were ever afterwards held sacred to him.
Hyperborea , the mystical land of eternal spring, venerated Apollo above all the gods. The Hyperboreans always sang and danced in his honor and hosted Pythian games.
Apollo spent the winter months among the Hyperboreans. No prophecies were issued during this time. The Theophania festival was held in Delphi to celebrate his return.
It is said that Leto came to Delos from Hyperborea accompanied by a pack of wolves. Henceforth, Hyperborea became Apollo's winter home and wolves became sacred to him.
His intimate connection to wolves is evident from his epithet Lyceus , meaning wolf-like. But Apollo was also the wolf-slayer in his role as the god who protected flocks from predators.
The Hyperborean worship of Apollo bears the strongest marks of Apollo being worshipped as the sun god. Shamanistic elements in Apollo's cult are often liked to his Hyperborean origin, and he is likewise speculated to have originated as a solar shaman.
In myths, the tears of amber Apollo shed when his son Asclepius died became the waters of the river Eridanos, which surrounded Hyperborea.
Apollo also buried in Hyperborea the arrow which he had used to kill the Cyclopes. He later gave this arrow to Abaris.
As a child, Apollo is said to have built a foundation and an altar on Delos using the horns of the goats that his sister Artemis hunted.
Since he learnt the art of building when young, he later came to be known as Archegetes , the founder of towns and god who guided men to build new cities.
In his early years when Apollo spent his time herding cows, he was reared by Thriae , the bee nymphs, who trained him and enhanced his prophetic skills.
He then taught to the humans the art of healing and archery. Themis inspired him to be the oracular voice of Delphi thereon.
Python , a chthonic serpent-dragon, was a child of Gaea and the guardian of the Delphic Oracle , whose death was foretold by Apollo when he was still in Leto's womb.
Python was sent by Hera to hunt the pregnant Leto to death, and had assaulted her. To avenge the trouble given to his mother, Apollo went in search of Python and killed it in the sacred cave at Delphi with the bow and arrows that he had received from Hephaestus.
The Delphian nymphs who were present encouraged Apollo during the battle with the cry "Hie Paean ". After Apollo was victorious, they also brought him gifts and gave the Corycian cave to him.
According to another version, when Leto was in Delphi, Python had attacked her. Apollo defended his mother and killed Python. You killed him, o Phoebus, while still a baby, still leaping in the arms of your dear mother, and you entered the holy shrine, and sat on the golden tripod, on your truthful throne distributing prophecies from the gods to mortals.
A detailed account of Apollo's conflict with Gaea and Zeus' intervention on behalf of his young son is also given.
But when Apollo came and sent Themis, the child of Earth, away from the holy oracle of Pytho, Earth gave birth to dream visions of the night; and they told to the cities of men the present, and what will happen in the future, through dark beds of sleep on the ground; and so Earth took the office of prophecy away from Phoebus, in envy, because of her daughter.
The lord made his swift way to Olympus and wound his baby hands around Zeus, asking him to take the wrath of the earth goddess from the Pythian home.
Zeus smiled, that the child so quickly came to ask for worship that pays in gold. He shook his locks of hair, put an end to the night voices, and took away from mortals the truth that appears in darkness, and gave the privilege back again to Loxias.
Apollo also demanded that all other methods of divination be made inferior to his, a wish that Zeus granted him readily.
Because of this, Athena, who had been practicing divination by throwing pebbles, cast her pebbles away in displeasure.
However, Apollo had committed a blood murder and had to be purified. Apollo had to serve as a slave for nine years. Purified, Apollo was escorted by his half sister Athena to Delphi where the oracular shrine was finally handed over to him by Gaea.
Apollo later established the Pythian games to appropriate Gaea. Henceforth, Apollo became the god who cleansed himself from the sin of murder and, made men aware of their guilt and purified them.
Soon after, Zeus instructed Apollo to go to Delphi and establish his law. But Apollo, disobeying his father, went to the land of Hyperborea and stayed there for a year.
Zeus, pleased with his son's integrity, gave Apollo the seat next to him on his right side. He also gave to Apollo various gifts, like a golden tripod, a golden bow and arrows, a golden chariot and the city of Delphi.
Soon after his return, Apollo needed to recruit people to Delphi. So, when he spotted a ship sailing from Crete, he sprang aboard in the form of a dolphin.
The crew was awed into submission and followed a course that led the ship to Delphi. There Apollo revealed himself as a god. Initiating them to his service, he instructed them to keep righteousness in their hearts.
The Pythia was Apollo's high priestess and his mouthpiece through whom he gave prophecies. Pythia is arguably the constant favorite of Apollo among the mortals.
Hera once again sent another giant, Tityos to rape Leto. This time Apollo shot him with his arrows and attacked him with his golden sword.
According to other version, Artemis also aided him in protecting their mother by attacking Tityos with her arrows. Admetus was the king of Pherae , who was known for his hospitality.
When Apollo was exiled from Olympus for killing Python, he served as a herdsman under Admetus, who was then young and unmarried. Apollo is said to have shared a romantic relationship with Admetus during his stay.
Because Admetus had treated Apollo well, the god conferred great benefits on him in return. Apollo's mere presence is said to have made the cattle give birth to twins.
He was present during their wedding to give his blessings. When Admetus angered the goddess Artemis by forgetting to give her the due offerings, Apollo came to the rescue and calmed his sister.
According to another version, or perhaps some years later, when Zeus struck down Apollo's son Asclepius with a lightning bolt for resurrecting the dead, Apollo in revenge killed the Cyclopes , who had fashioned the bolt for Zeus.
Zeus obliged and sentenced Apollo to one year of hard labor once again under Admetus. The fate of Niobe was prophesied by Apollo while he was still in Leto's womb.
She displayed hubris when she boasted that she was superior to Leto because she had fourteen children Niobids , seven male and seven female, while Leto had only two.
She further mocked Apollo's effeminate appearance and Artemis' manly appearance. Leto, insulted by this, told her children to punish Niobe.
Accordingly, Apollo killed Niobe's sons, and Artemis her daughters. According to some versions of the myth, among the Niobids, Chloris and her brother Amyclas were not killed because they prayed to Leto.
Amphion, at the sight of his dead sons, either killed himself or was killed by Apollo after swearing revenge.
Her tears formed the river Achelous. Zeus had turned all the people of Thebes to stone and so no one buried the Niobids until the ninth day after their death, when the gods themselves entombed them.
When Chloris married and had children, Apollo granted her son Nestor the years he had taken away from the Niobids.
Hence, Nestor was able to live for 3 generations. Apollodorus states that the gods willingly went to the king disguised as humans in order to check his hubris.
In Ovid's account, Apollo completes his task by playing his tunes on his lyre. In Pindar 's odes, the gods took a mortal named Aeacus as their assistant.
Apollo immediately prophesied that Troy would fall at the hands of Aeacus's descendants, the Aeacidae i.
Later, his great grandson Neoptolemus was present in the wooden horse that lead to the downfall of Troy.
However, the king not only refused to give the gods the wages he had promised, but also threatened to bind their feet and hands, and sell them as slaves.
Angered by the unpaid labour and the insults, Apollo infected the city with a pestilence and Posedion sent the sea monster Cetus. To deliver the city from it, Laomedon had to sacrifice his daughter Hesione who would later be saved by Heracles.
During his stay in Troy, Apollo had a lover named Ourea, who was a nymph and daughter of Poseidon. Together they had a son named Ileus, whom Apollo loved dearly.
During the war, the Greek king Agamemnon captured Chryseis , the daughter of Apollo's priest Chryses , and refused to return her.
Angered by this, Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into the Greek encampment. He demanded that they return the girl, and the Achaeans Greeks complied, indirectly causing the anger of Achilles , which is the theme of the Iliad.
Receiving the aegis from Zeus, Apollo entered the battlefield as per his father's command, causing great terror to the enemy with his war cry.
He pushed the Greeks back and destroyed many of the soldiers. He is described as "the rouser of armies" because he rallied the Trojan army when they were falling apart.
When Zeus allowed the other gods to get involved in the war, Apollo was provoked by Poseidon to a duel. However, Apollo declined to fight him, saying that he wouldn't fight his uncle for the sake of mortals.
When the Greek hero Diomedes injured the Trojan hero Aeneas , Aphrodite tried to rescue him, but Diomedes injured her as well. Apollo then enveloped Aeneas in a cloud to protect him.
He repelled the attacks Diomedes made on him and gave the hero a stern warning to abstain himself from attacking a god. Aeneas was then taken to Pergamos, a sacred spot in Troy , where he was healed.
After the death of Sarpedon , a son of Zeus, Apollo rescued the corpse from the battlefield as per his father's wish and cleaned it.
He then gave it to Sleep Hypnos and Death Thanatos. Apollo had also once convinced Athena to stop the war for that day, so that the warriors can relieve themselves for a while.
The Trojan hero Hector who, according to some, was the god's own son by Hecuba  was favored by Apollo. When he got severely injured, Apollo healed him and encouraged him to take up his arms.
During a duel with Achilles, when Hector was about to lose, Apollo hid Hector in a cloud of mist to save him. When the Greek warrior Patroclus tried to get into the fort of Troy, he was stopped by Apollo.
Encouraging Hector to attack Patroclus, Apollo stripped the armour of the Greek warrior and broke his weapons. Patroclus was eventually killed by Hector.
At last, after Hector's fated death, Apollo protected his corpse from Achilles' attempt to mutilate it by creating a magical cloud over the corpse.
Apollo held a grudge against Achilles throughout the war because Achilles had murdered his son Tenes before the war began and brutally assassinated his son Troilus in his own temple.
Not only did Apollo save Hector from Achilles, he also tricked Achilles by disguising himself as a Trojan warrior and driving him away from the gates.
He foiled Achilles' attempt to mutilate Hector's dead body. Finally, Apollo caused Achilles' death by guiding an arrow shot by Paris into Achilles ' heel.
In some versions, Apollo himself killed Achilles by taking the disguise of Paris. Apollo helped many Trojan warriors, including Agenor , Polydamas , Glaucus in the battlefield.
Though he greatly favored the Trojans, Apollo was bound to follow the orders of Zeus and served his father loyally during the war.
After Heracles then named Alcides was struck with madness and killed his family, he sought to purify himself and consulted the oracle of Apollo. Apollo, through the Pythia, commanded him to serve king Eurystheus for twelve years and complete the ten tasks the king would give him.
Only then would Alcides be absolved of his sin. Apollo also renamed him as Heracles. To complete his third task, Heracles had to capture the Ceryneian Hind , a hind sacred to Artemis, and bring it alive.
He chased the hind for one year. When the animal eventually got tired and tried crossing the river Ladon, he captured it. While he was taking it back, he was confronted by Apollo and Artemis, who were angered at Heracles for this act.
However, Heracles soothed the goddess and explained his situation to her. After much pleading, Artemis permitted him to take the hind and told him to return it later.
After he was freed from his servitude to Eurystheus, Heracles fell in conflict with Iphytus, a prince of Oechalia, and murdered him. Soon after, he contracted a terrible disease.
He consulted the oracle of Apollo once again, in hope of ridding himself of the disease. The Pythia, however, denied to give any prophesy.
In anger, Heracles snatched the sacred tripod and started walking away, intending to start his own oracle. However, Apollo did not tolerate this and stopped Heracles; a duel ensued between them.
Artemis rushed to support Apollo, while Athena supported Heracles. Soon, Zeus threw his thunderbolt between the fighting brothers and separated them.
He reprimanded Heracles for this act of violation and asked Apollo to give a solution to Heracles. Apollo then ordered the hero to serve under Omphale , queen of Lydia for one year in order to purify himself.
Periphas was an Attican king and a priest of Apollo. He was noble, just and rich. He did all his duties justly. Because of this people were very fond of him and started honouring him to the same extent as Zeus.
At one point, they worshipped Periphas in place of Zeus and set up shrines and temples for him. This annoyed Zeus, who decided to annihilate the entire family of Periphas.
But because he was a just king and a good devotee, Apollo intervened and requested his father to spare Periphas.
Zeus considered Apollo's words and agreed to let him live. But he metamorphosed Periphas into an eagle and made the eagle the king of birds.
When Periphas' wife requested Zeus to let her stay with her husband, Zeus turned her into a vulture and fulfilled her wish.
A long time ago, there were three kinds of human beings: male, descended from the sun; female, descended from the earth; and androgynous, descended from the moon.
Each human being was completely round, with four arms and fours legs, two identical faces on opposite sides of a head with four ears, and all else to match.
They were powerful and unruly. Otis and Ephialtes even dared to scale Mount Olympus. To check their insolence, Zeus devised a plan to humble them and improve their manners instead of completely destroying them.
He cut them all in two and asked Apollo to make necessary repairs, giving humans the individual shape they still have now.
Apollo turned their heads and necks around towards their wounds, he pulled together their skin at the abdomen , and sewed the skin together at the middle of it.
This is what we call navel today. He smoothened the wrinkles and shaped the chest. But he made sure to leave a few wrinkles on the abdomen and around the navel so that they might be reminded of their punishment.
Apollo was also bidden to heal their wounds and compose their forms. So Apollo gave a turn to the face and pulled the skin from the sides all over that which in our language is called the belly, like the purses which draw in, and he made one mouth at the centre [of the belly] which he fastened in a knot the same which is called the navel ; he also moulded the breast and took out most of the wrinkles, much as a shoemaker might smooth leather upon a last; he left a few wrinkles, however, in the region of the belly and navel, as a memorial of the primeval state.
Apollo Kourotrophos is the god who nurtures and protects children and the young, especially boys. He oversees their education and their passage into adulthood.
Education is said to have originated from Apollo and the Muses. Many myths have him train his children. It was a custom for boys to cut and dedicate their long hair to Apollo after reaching adulthood.
Chiron , the abandoned centaur , was fostered by Apollo, who instructed him in medicine, prophecy, archery and more.
Chiron would later become a great teacher himself. Asclepius in his childhood gained much knowledge pertaining to medicinal arts by his father.
However, he was later entrusted to Chiron for further education. Anius , Apollo's son by Rhoeo , was abandoned by his mother soon after his birth.
Apollo brought him up and educated him in mantic arts.Die Geschicthe der Griechischen religion. Ourea, a daughter of Poseidonfell in love with Apollo when he and Poseidon were serving the Trojan king Laomedon. It was the only place safe for Leto to give birth to Apollo and his sister Artemis, because she was relentlessly chased by Hera and her Eurolottozahlen Ziehung. During Lotti Spielanleitung war, the Greek king Agamemnon captured Chryseisthe daughter of Apollo's priest Chrysesand Skirll to return her. Dieser Text erhebt keinen Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit oder Richtigkeit. Im Trojanischen Krieg stand er auf Seiten der Trojaner und griff durch gezielte Bogenschüsse in die Kämpfe ein; als Rächer sandte er mit seinen Pfeilen die Pest in das Lager Rojadirectaa Griechen, weil sie die Tochter eines Apollonpriesters gefangen genommen und versklavt hatten. Die zwölf olympischen Götter. Bitte beachten Sie unbedingt auch die vollständigen Regeln im Spiel. Apollon (altgriechisch Ἀπόλλων, lateinisch Apollo, deutsch auch Apoll) ist in der griechischen und römischen Mythologie der Gott des Lichts, der Heilung, des. Apollo steht für: Apollon, einen Gott in der römischen und griechischen Mythologie, nach dem verschiedenste Dinge benannt wurden. () Apollo, einen. Der Apollo war einer der Wichtigsten der olympischen Gottheiten im antiken Griechenland. Apollo war der Gott des Lichts, Heilung und Musik. Er ist der Sohn. Begleite Sonnengott Apollo in eine epische Spielewelt und entdecke auf dem Weg zum Slot-Olymp kolossale Gewinnchancen. Borrowed directly from Greek mythology, Apollo was a Roman god that inspired music, poetry, and artistic creativity. A law-giver and healer, Apollo brought order to humankind and was the source of all medical knowledge. Furthermore, Apollo served as the chief patron of prophets, the source of the gift of prophecy. Apollo was a Greek god, and one of the Twelve Olympians. He was one of the most important gods in the Greek pantheon, and was believed to have jurisdiction over a range of different aspects, including prophecy, music and healing. As a major Greek god, there are many myths relating to Apollo. Apollo is the god who affords help and wards off evil; various epithets call him the "averter of evil". Delphic Apollo is the patron of seafarers, foreigners and the protector of fugitives and refugees. Medicine and healing are associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius. Apollo is the Olympian god of the sun and light, music and poetry, healing and plagues, prophecy and knowledge, order and beauty, archery and agriculture. An embodiment of the Hellenic ideal of kalokagathia, he is harmony, reason and moderation personified, a perfect blend of physical superiority and moral virtue. Apollo, in Greco-Roman mythology, a deity of manifold function and meaning, one of the most widely revered and influential of all the ancient Greek and Roman gods. The son of Zeus and Leto, he was the god of crops and herds and the primary deity of the Delphic oracle.