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A Question of Honor. Monte Cassino: The Hardest-Fought Battle of World War II. Italy Volume I: The Sangro to Cassino. Col: Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War — Wellington, New Zealand: War History Branch, Department of Internal Affairs.
Consultado em 28 de novembro de Cassino: Anatomy of the Battle. Historical Times. The Unholy Alliance. Stalin's Pact with Hitler.
The conquest of history. In: Craven, Wesley Frank; Cate, James Lea. Volume Three. Europe: Argument to V-E Day, January to May Section III — Italy.
Col: The Army Air Forces in World War II. Battle Honours of the Indian Army — New Delhi: Vision Books. The Battles For Monte Cassino.
Londres: Ian Allan. Kenneth V. Naples-Foggia 9 September January Col: U. The Surreys in Italy. Armies in exile. Hitler's Silent Partners: Swiss Banks, Nazi Gold and the Pursuit of Justice.
Hunters from the Sky, The German Parachute Corps — Londres: Leo Cooper. In: Zeugnis des Geistes.
Katri'el Ben-Arie Die Schlacht bei Monte Cassino Freiburg im Breisgau: Rombach Verlag. Die Schlacht von Monte Cassino. Zwanzig Völker ringen um einen Berg.
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Lots of different restaurants for different choices, many shopping spots, It is kitsch and cool and worth a visit- super fun! A Question of Honor. Parker, Matthew Monte Cassino: The Hardest-Fought Battle of World War II.
Phillips, N. Italy Volume I: The Sangro to Cassino. Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War — Wellington, New Zealand: War History Branch, Department of Internal Affairs.
Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 28 November Piekalkiewicz, Janusz Cassino: Anatomy of the Battle. Historical Times.
Roberts, Geoffrey The Unholy Alliance. Stalin's Pact with Hitler. Indiana University Press. Sanford, George The conquest of history.
Hardwood academic publishers. Simpson, Albert F. In Craven, Wesley Frank; Cate, James Lea eds. Volume Three. Europe: Argument to V-E Day, January to May Section III — Italy.
The Army Air Forces in World War II. University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Office of Airforce History.
Singh, Sarbans Battle Honours of the Indian Army — New Delhi: Vision Books. Smith, E. The Battles For Monte Cassino.
London: Ian Allan. Smith, Col. Kenneth V. Naples-Foggia 9 September January Squire, G. The Surreys in Italy. Clandon, Surrey: The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment Museum.
Stefancic, David Armies in exile. Vincent, Isabel Hitler's Silent Partners: Swiss Banks, Nazi Gold and the Pursuit of Justice. William Morrow.
Whiting, Charles Hunters from the Sky, The German Parachute Corps — London: Leo Cooper. In: Zeugnis des Geistes.
Katri'el Ben-Arie Die Schlacht bei Monte Cassino Freiburg im Breisgau: Rombach Verlag. Die Schlacht von Monte Cassino. Zwanzig Völker ringen um einen Berg.
Augsburg: Bechtermünz Verlag. Heinz Konsalik Sie fielen vom Himmel. Klagenfurt: Kaiser. Wspomnienia kapelana Pulku 4 Pancernego "Skorpion" spod Monte Cassino.
Szkice spod Monte Cassino. Wiedza Powszechna. Bitwa o Monte Cassino. Warsaw: Wydawnictwa MON. Monte Cassino. Warsaw: PAX. Warsaw: Askon.
Agencja Wydawnicza Morex. Zbigniew Wawer Monte Cassino Belarusian [ edit ] Piotra Sych World War II.
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Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Part of the Italian campaign of World War II. Polish soldiers inside the ruined Monte Cassino Monastery.
Allied victory  . Harold Alexander Oliver Leese Mark Clark. Albert Kesselring H. Senger u. Monte Cassino Monte Cassino, Italy. Africa and Middle East Dakar Gabon Kufra Keren Exporter Fort Lamy Bir Hakeim Torch Run for Tunis Tunisia.
From the dissolution of the Italian monasteries in , Monte Cassino became a national monument. During the Battle of Monte Cassino in the Italian Campaign of World War II January—May the Abbey was heavily damaged.
The German military forces had established the kilometre mile Gustav Line , in order to prevent Allied troops from advancing northwards.
The abbey itself however, was not initially utilised by the German troops as part of their fortifications, owing to General Kesselring 's regard for the historical monument.
The Gustav Line stretched from the Tyrrhenian to the Adriatic coast in the east, with Monte Cassino itself overlooking Highway 6 and blocking the path to Rome.
On 15 February the abbey was almost completely destroyed in a series of heavy, American-led air raids. The Commander-in-Chief of Allied Armies in Italy, General Sir Harold Alexander of the British army, ordered the bombing.
The bombing was conducted because many reports from the British commanders of the Indian troops on the ground suggested that Germans were occupying the monastery, and it was considered a key observation post by all those who were fighting in the field.
Subsequent investigations found that the only people killed in the monastery by the bombing were Italian civilians seeking refuge there. The Abbey was rebuilt after the war.
During reconstruction, the abbey library was housed at the Pontifical Abbey of St Jerome-in-the-City. In December , some 1, irreplaceable manuscript codices , chiefly patristic and historical, in addition to a vast number of documents relating to the history of the abbey and the collections of the Keats-Shelley Memorial House in Rome, had been sent to the abbey archives for safekeeping.
German officers Lt. Julius Schlegel a Roman Catholic and Capt. Maximilian Becker a Protestant , both from the Panzer-Division Hermann Göring , had them transferred to the Vatican at the beginning of the battle.
Another account, however, from Kurowski "The History of the Fallschirmpanzerkorps Hermann Göring: Soldiers of the Reichsmarschall" , notes that trucks were loaded with monastic assets and art which had been stored there for safekeeping.
Robert Edsel is more to the point about German looting. The trucks were loaded and left in October , and only "strenuous" protests resulted in their delivery to the Vatican, minus the 15 cases which contained the property of the Capodimonte Museum in Naples.
Edsel goes on to note that these cases had been delivered to Göring in December , for "his birthday". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For information about the World War II battle, see Battle of Monte Cassino. Holy See. Vatican Radio. Catholic News Agency.
Salkin; Sharon La Boda, eds. International Dictionary of Historic Places: Volume 3 Southern Europe. Chicago, IL: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.
The Life of Saint Benedict. Translated by Terrence Kardong, OSB. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press. The Life of St.
Translated by Hilary Costello and Eoin de Bhaldraithe. Petersham, MA: St. Bede's Publications. The Age of Faith. Time-Life Books. The Age of Faith: A History of Medieval Civilization — Christian, Islamic, and Judaic — from Constantine to Dante: A.
Simon and Schuster. Bullarum, diplomatum et privilegiorum sanctorum romanorum pontificum Taurinensis editio in Latin Tomus IV ed. Turin: Seb.
Franco et Henrico Dalmazzo editoribus. Retrieved 28 JuneClaudia Uruguay. Its timing had been driven by the Air Force regarding it as a separate operation, considering the weather Juego De Ruleta Gratis En EspaГ±ol requirements on other fronts and theaters without reference Casino Games Online Slots ground forces. However, given the imprecision of bombing in those days it was estimated Playeurolotto only 10 per cent of the Dota 2 Minor Tournaments from the heavy bombers, bombing from high altitude, hit the monastery bombs did fall elsewhere and killed Spinits and Allied troops alike, although that would have been unintended. Download as PDF Printable version. It is like a typical Italian town with a gaming, retail Montecasino leisure complex that includes a Casino.